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Copilăria Sofiei » Psihopedagogie timpurie

What is basic trust?


Posted by Copilaria Sofiei | Posted in Activitati Montessori pentru Sugari, Mediul de acasa, Psihopedagogie timpurie | Posted on 06-09-2015


In Montessori, we often speak about basic trust when we refer to a small child. Parents often ask me „What is basic trust? Why is it so important?” It takes me usually no more then 15 minutes to explain and to see their „Aha!” feeling and I know they know.

So, what is basic trust?

During the first year of life, the child acquires from the environment the two basic trusts: Basic Trust in the environment which can be acquired by the end of the second month of life, at the end of the symbiotic period and Basic Trust in Self, at the end of the ninth month, the end of the external pregnancy.

You will ask me „What is the symbiotic period?” or „What o you mean by the external pregnancy?”.

In short, the symbiotic period is given by those first 2-3 months, where mother and child have created a special bond between them, when one cannot live without the other.  When we speak about the external pregnancy, we understand the first 9 month that are required for a baby to gain the gross motor movement, the capacity to process the food from the environment, to understand human language, to recognize his family, routines and small parts of his culture etc. so, to be able to live in his time and place.

Parents (or the significant person), but especially the child’s mother plays a fundamental role. The child starts his adaptation to the new world. When he enters the world, he depends entirely on his mother. But we must remember that he already has acquired some knowledge of this world: he heard his parent’s voice, or maybe sounds from the environment; he received chemical information through hormones from his mother, knowledge about smell and taste. If his mother enjoyed her pregnancy and received and embraced the new life with love and joy, sending messages that the child is loved and welcomed to this world, then he already has the „I am welcomed and loved and somebody is waiting for me” feeling. This is the first step in building the basic trust in the environment.

Then, another important role is played at the moment of birth. This is a crucial moment in one’s life. The way he comes to this world will be forever incarnated in his memory. A natural, beautiful birth that fallows both mother and child’s rhythm will create a unique bond and desire to live and love from both parts. The child is received by the environment that holds him through his mother’s arms, that lets him freedom to move, sleep, and eat whenever he wants.

After birth, between mother and child, a new physical and emotional bond starts to be created. They need each other to adapt to this situation, both child and mother. While for the child, everything is new, except his mother, the single point of reference that he has, recognizing her from her smell, voice and touch, for the mother a new role has been created by her child, that of a mother. She’s not only a woman or a wife, or a daughter, now she is a mother. Holding her child in her arms immediately after birth, helps her to fill the emptiness that she might have felt after birth. Her child suckling at her breast helps her uterus shrinking to the normal size and stimulates her recovery. While suckling milk from his mother, he receives food for life, protection and love in the same time.

Soon, with care and attention, they will build their own rhythm, and the mother will start to understand her child’s needs and fulfill them. He will learn how to bring attention to his needs and enjoy this new environment, through crying, sleeping, watching, smelling, tasting.

Father will enjoy his fatherhood creating the basis of bounding with his son through handling, touching, bathing, changing the diapers, rocking him in his arms, singing and talking to him.

If for the first 2 month, this new environment will react positive and with love in order to fulfill as much as possible all the needs of the baby, this one will learn that the environment is a safe place to be in, where he receives food and love and protection. The environment will become a source of confidence, a safe place where all of your needs meet up and „I know how to get it”: crying, laughing at the end of the 2 weeks, using all my sensory system. But the brain needs little challenges, just the right amount. So, at the end of this period, the parents turn the child step by step to the world, because now he has what we call basic trust in the environment.

Now, a new age starts for the little men. This is the base for a strong self-esteem, confidence and curiosity to discover new things in the environment. Now, the most important for the parents is the knowledge. They need to know what to expect, their child’s development stages. A help from a specialist is welcomed now. Love is not enough to raise a child.

The first thing the parents should do is observe their own child in order to see the changes in their son and then be able to make changes in the environment. They will observe their child’s need to move freely in the environment, the way he did it in the womb of his mother.

The force that pushes him to move and create himself is beyond our understanding. So, we must allow this force to create what needs to be created: a human of his time and place.

Allow freedom to discover his body and the environment by placing him on a movement mat, allow him to sleep in a low bed, without bars that constricts his view and freedom of movement. Place a mirror on the wall by the movement mat that will allow a better view of the room, and will give feedback on the child’s movement. Very soon he will understand that it’s him in the mirror.

Hang beautiful mobiles made from light materials that „flow” slowly because of air currents, and place them over this movement mat and allow the child to focus and develop the eye muscle movement in a natural way.

Soon, his involuntary movements will allow the hand to come in front of his eyes, he will start to move it again and again, he will touch himself with it or put it into his mouth. The beginning of self discovery is starting. The delight in finding own treasures is incommensurable. And soon, his involuntary movement will touch a mobile that has a bell attached. The silenced mobile now makes noise and it’s him, the baby that did it. He changed the environment, with his own little powers that he has.

Language is one of the most important aspects of our human nature. We give language and rhythm in all its form: singing, talking, laughing, through poetry and lyrics and we do this from uterus. We keep on giving language all the time, we talk to the baby, we respond to his goggling and babbling and we encourage him to talk more. Now, the relationship develops more and more.

A key word unites movement, language and self awareness: collaboration. Collaboration between the child and his mother. And this collaboration starts from the hour of birth. Mother speaks slowly and clear to the baby while handling him, bathing him, changing his diaper or his clothing. She gently says „Now, I am going to wash your left arm…”

By touching him, she helps him creates his body scheme, and by giving language she puts the basis of language.

And so, while observing the child and changing his environment according to his new needs, parents offer to their child, at the end of his 9 months one of the most important aspects of his life: basic trust in himself. Now, he can understand language, he can show, point, he can do babbling, he can fulfill tasks like eating, crawling, pulling up and playing by himself, discovering the world that he slowly but constantly conquers.

It’s the critical moment, where you can start to see the differences between the human baby and babies from other species. It is the end of the second birth, that of a human baby with all the capacity to create himself.

 With all my love,

Luci G

Despre bariere, dragoste si convingeri


Posted by Copilaria Sofiei | Posted in Psihopedagogie timpurie | Posted on 10-11-2014

praga dragonsSalutare, dragii nostri,

Am sa va povestesc doua episoade scurte traite aici, pe pamant cehesc, departe de cei dragi care mi-au reamintit cateva lectii simple, dar esentiale ce dau sens visului meu. Una este despre iubire, iar cealalta despre comunicare, amandoua unite sub acelasi acoperis: propriile mele convingeri.



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Cum integram prietenia si bostanii de Halloween in educatia celor mici?


Posted by Copilaria Sofiei | Posted in Activitati de Coordonare Ochi-Mana, Activitati de Viata Practica, Arta, Muzica si Miscare, Carti, Mediul de acasa, Psihopedagogie timpurie | Posted on 25-10-2014

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20141018_204400_LLSSalutare tuturor!

Acum ceva vreme, am participat in vestul tarii la Sarbatoarea mortilor, celebrata la noi pe 1 noiembrie si am ramas profund impresionata de frumusetea, linistea si pacea care domnea asupra noastra, a tuturor, in timp ce mancam castane coapte, aprindeam lumanari si lampioane in cimitir, discutand si veselindu-ne in amintirea celor adormiti. Ma gandeam ca un astfel de eveniment/ritual o poate ajuta pe Sofia sa-si descopere bunica pierduta cu mult inainte de nasterea ei, sa descopere amintiri frumoase despre cei adormiti, construind in acelasi timp relatii cu oameni dragi noua. Iar in felul acesta, sa treaca si peste fricile copilariei nascute in plina explozie a povestilor despre fantome, spirite si vrajitoare. Frici si jocuri absolut normale – toate legate de cea mai mare frica ce se naste in jurul varstei de 4 ani = frica de moarte. Read the rest of this entry »

Si castigatorul este…


Posted by Copilaria Sofiei | Posted in Psihopedagogie timpurie, Scris si citit Montessori | Posted on 30-09-2014

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Va multumesc, dragi mamici, pentru daruirea voastra, pentru ca existati in viata copilasilor vostri, pentru ca sunteti preocupate sa le oferiti cele mai bune lucruri, mai ales atunci cand vine vorba de educatie. Mi-ar fi placut sa pot spune si eu la randul meu ca educatia timpurie reprezinta un punct de interes in invatamantul romanesc, insa, cu dezamagire, va impartasesc parerile. Mai avem mult pana sa schimbam ceva si marturisesc ca sunt momente in care ma intreb de ce am luat-o pe aceasta cale, cand puteam sa-mi vad de existenta mea calduta si linistita, departe de stresul si agitatia din educatia romaneasca. Dar, iata, cand am alaturi un ingeras, imi dau seama ca merita fiecare ora nedormita, fiecare clipa de stres si poate reusim, cumva, sa mai schimbam cateceva.

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Toate-s vechi si noua toate… va invitam la concurs!


Posted by Copilaria Sofiei | Posted in Carti, Psihopedagogie timpurie, Scris si citit Montessori | Posted on 14-09-2014

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Ne-am intors, intr-o noua prezentare, chiar acum, odata cu inceperea scolii. Sofia mai are un an pana la scoala.. in curand va implini 5 anisori daruiti vietii si noua, parintilor ei, 5 anisori cu mari bucurii si o neincetata uimire in fata miracolului vietii.

Vom continua a va povesti aventurile noastre ce se scriu asa de frumos pe calea vietii, insa blogul va lua o noua forma, dedicata in principal educatiei timpurii, cu precadere varstei de 0-3 ani. Nu voi mai povesti in numele ei, pentru ca acum Sofia este mare si are propriul punct de vedere. De asemenea, pozele postate cu ea vor fi primit cu siguranta aprobarea ei initiala.

Site-ul este inca in constructie, insa blogul acesta functioneaza foarte bine :)

Si pentru a sarbatori noua noastra adresa si prezentare, vom incepe prima postare cu un … CONCURS!!! Read the rest of this entry »

Spring fashion week in Prague (sau cum sa gestionam situatiile delicate…din timp)


Posted by Copilaria Sofiei | Posted in Psihopedagogie timpurie | Posted on 22-03-2014

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Excursie PragaBuna tuturor,

Ne-am intors din Praga de o saptamana deja si d-abia acum simt ca lucrurile incep sa intre pe fagasul normal.

A fost o perioada nebuna acasa, in care tot programul meu a fost dat peste cap, in care dorul de mami, lipsa activitatilor mele zilnice, tristetea, bucuria si gelozia au creat un melanj greu de gestionat de catre mine in cele cateva saptamani in care am stat fara mami.
Daaaar…pentru ca totul are un dar, am plecat la mami si ne-am intors impreuna. A fost ca o regasire, ca o promisiune, ca o renastere. Aceasta este fericirea mea, bucuria mea ca exist, ca sunt iubita si ca dupa rau urmeaza intotdeauna bine. Read the rest of this entry »

Tati si cu mine, un duo formidabil!


Posted by Copilaria Sofiei | Posted in Psihopedagogie timpurie | Posted on 22-02-2014

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Relatia tata fiicaSalutare tuturor!
Acum sunt bolnavioara, cu febra, ma doare burtica si stau molesita pe canapea. Mami a plecat deja de o saptamana din nou la cursuri, iar eu stau acasa cu tati.
Sa va mai spun cat de trista ma simt seara uneori, cand mami ma suna sa vorbeasca cu mine si ce dor mi se face?  Poate si de aceea sunt mai mult bolnavioara.

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Cele 10 porunci ale Mariei Montessori


Posted by Copilaria Sofiei | Posted in Psihopedagogie timpurie | Posted on 26-01-2014

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maria montessoriBuna dimineata, Ianuarie!
Iata mai jos „poruncile” Mariei Montessori atunci cand lucram cu copiii. Sunt mai degraba reguli de comportament pentru a putea permite o dezvoltare armonioasa copilului.

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Aseaza-te si asculta!


Posted by Copilaria Sofiei | Posted in Psihopedagogie timpurie | Posted on 02-01-2014

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La Multi Ani, dragii nostri!
Acum suntem cu sufletul plin de emotiile Sarbatorilor pe care le-am tot prelungit, parca pentru a gusta si ultima picatura din ele, pentru a imbratisa fiecare persoana draga, oricat de departe ar fi.
Eu, la 3 ani.
A mai trecut un an, un an plin, iubit, un an destul de bulversant pentru noi, dar mai ales pentru mine. Nu degeaba am inceput cu filmuletul acela, de acum un an. Mami ma priveste si se mira de schimbarea uriasa care a trecut in cele 12 luni, de la trei ani – o copilita cu obrajori pufosi, la o domnisorica cu aspiratii, puncte de vedere ce se impun si valori care se contureaza tot mai mult.

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Calendarul asteptarii…


Posted by Copilaria Sofiei | Posted in Activitati de Coordonare Ochi-Mana, Arta, Muzica si Miscare, Psihopedagogie timpurie, Scris si citit Montessori | Posted on 17-11-2013

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calendar pentru copiiSalutare tuturor,

Poate va intrebati cum mai decurg lucrurile?
Ei bine, nu mai pot dormi decat cu mami in pat, vreau mereu sa stea cu mine sa ne giugiulim :) si ador sa stam pe covoras sa citim din carti, iar eu sa citesc singura cuvintele simple (caci da, in tot timpul asta eu am evoluat foarte mult cu cititul).
In continuare nu am rabdare, ma enervez la cel mai mic disconfort si tip, desenele mele au devenit agresive: printese cu sange pe fata si regine fatarnice care zambesc de departe, iar papusile au inceput sa fie mazgalite pe fata, pana la a le acoperi de tot fata, uniform. Hmmm…voi cum ati interpreta asta?

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